Chris Hadfield, An Astronaut’s Guide To Life On Earth, (Random House, 2013).
The title tells it all. Based on the many years that it takes to become an astronaut and be sent on missions, what is it that the rest of us mortals can learn? Hadfield’s answer is informative and educational. How one conducts one’s daily life, interacts with other people, learns from them as well as instructs them is crucial to understanding both personal success and team achievement. Astronauts have to be team players, each of whom may have specialties unfamiliar to others but necessary for mission success. Respect and trust are important attributes. This can be especially difficult to achieve when working with people trained in different countries, but who are brought together on a common mission where all have to cooperate in a highly sensitive environment. Mistakes can not only cost millions of dollars but jeopardize lives.
Hadfield’s book achieves two things, a detailed and personal description of what is required to be chosen as an astronaut, and what happens in fulfilling the job both on land and in orbit. There is much more that astronauts can tell us and maybe they have in other books. The following are questions which arose in my reading of this book:
- How does an astronaut balance family and work life? Hadfield does a good job of including members of his immediate family in the narrative, but there are many questions that the reader would like to learn from family members. (Maybe they would prefer not to share them.)
- How do the parties interested in space collaborate to persuade governments to provide the substantial funding required for something where the payoff, if it exists, is a long way off? Space travel is at the other end of the spending spectrum from building a highway or school, where the results can be seen relatively soon after the funding decision is made, and politicians can claim credit which will benefit them at the polls.
- How do you get a crew of astronauts and their ground handlers from different countries with different languages to operate as a team to build the equipment and manage it for launch, in orbit and for return to earth? The close cooperation which astronauts from Russia, the US, Canada and other countries have had tells you that it can be done, but how? What are the issues and how are they managed? Personalities play a part but so does the management and set up of the project.
- Once space travel is found to be possible, what are the next stages of exploration and how can financing be provided, either privately or through continued government support? This type of question must have faced Columbus after discovering the American continent. He was able to find valuable commodities for trade which encouraged others to provide further risk capital. How money can be made out of space or space travel is not yet obvious, at least to me?
None of these questions are criticisms of Hadfield’s book. They represent the type of issues which emerge from its content, and will be of interest to those concerned with this frontier for exploration. The book also helps to remind readers that earth is a minuscule object in the solar system, and, if it disappeared by being hit by a large meteorite, no-one elsewhere, if such people exist, would notice. In a universal context, we really don’t matter.